[Note 2]

Marshall Berman, All That Is Solid Melts into Air: The Experience of Modernity (New York, 1988), 288. The strongest recent claims against the possibility of certain knowledge have not come from those directly concerned with Los Angeles, although Jacques Derrida is quoted (without irony) by Michael Dear as a sort of endorsement: "The state of theory, now and from now on, isn't it California? And even Southern California?" The signal work is Jean-François Lyotard, The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge, Geoff Bennington and Brian Massumi, trans. (Minneapolis, 1984). Those who are enthusiastic about making Los Angeles the exemplar of postmodern skepticism have primarily come from the field of geography. Edward W. Soja's most recent work (despite his attempt to rely on Henri Lefebvre) and that of Michael Dear (despite his attempt to rely on Fredric Jameson) are good examples. Soja, Thirdspace: Journeys to Los Angeles and Other Real-and-Imagined Places (Oxford, 1996); Michael J. Dear, The Postmodern Urban Condition (Oxford, 2000), Derrida quotation, p. 10.